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Saturday, 25 February 2017

10 roles of a manager as suggested by Henry Mintzberg

10 roles of a manager as suggested
by Henry Mintzberg



Question (BCA 2014): Discuss the 10 roles of a manager as suggested by Henry Mintzberg

Prof. Mintzberg
Answer: A manager's role is complex as well as multi-dimentional. Every day he/she has to fulfill many different roles.  A variety of forms depending on the needs of the organization and the people that are being led.

Prof. Henry Mintzberg published his Ten Management Roles in his book, "Mintzberg on Management: Inside our Strange World of Organizations" in 1990.

The 10 roles are:
Figurehead
Leader
Liaison
Monitor
Disseminator
Spokesperson
Entrepreneur
Disturbance Handler
Resource Allocator
Negotiator



The 10 roles are then divided up into three categories:

10 roles of a manager as suggested by Henry Mintzberg
Categories Of Manager's Roles

Figurehead
In this role, a manager performs social, ceremonial and legal responsibilities as required by the status of his office. Making speeches, bestowing honours, welcoming official visitors, distributing gifts to retiring employees are examples of social and ceremonial duties.

Leader
Sets relationship between manager with his own subordinates. The manager legitimizes power and duties of subordinates, brings their needs in accord with of his organization and leads by an example.

Liaison
Sets relationship between manager and outsiders. He/she sets mutual beneficial relations with governments, industry groups and network with others.

Monitor
Seeking out relevant information related to organization, industry and external events. e.g. monitoring team productivity.

Disseminator
It involves transmitting information and judgments to the stakeholders of the management. e.g. sending quarterly project progress reports to senior management.

Spokesperson
A manager assumes a speaker role on behalf of his/her organization. A manager sending press note.

Entrepreneur
It involves creating and controlling change within the organization. e.g. initiatiing a feasible study to set up a plant.

Disturbance Handler
Involves handling situations in crisis or problem. e.g. resolving team conflicts, mediating disputes.

Resource Allocator
Approving budgets, schedules, setting priorities, allocating resources etc. For example allocating printers access to different staff members.

Negotiator
A manger participates in negotiations with staff, vendors etc. For example negotiating prices with suppliers.


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