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Sunday, 1 April 2018

IPU - Biotechnology and Biochemistry MCQs Available Online (Limited Offer)

IPU - Biotechnology and Biochemistry MCQs Available Online (Limited Offer)

IPU - Biotechnology and Biochemistry MCQs Available Online (Limited Offer)

New India Publishing Agency (NIPA) provides a limited time offer to enrol in various courses related to biotechnology and biochemistry. The courses offer multiple choice questions for practice. The subscribed course provides first 300 questions that are FREE and then a subscription of INR 299.00 gives you access to unlimited questions. The offer is valid till 13 May 2018.
Register for FREE!

Free Courses offered are:
  • Plant Biotechnology

  • Entomology and Nematology

  • Physical Science

  • Agronomy

  • Plant Science

  • Social Sciences


Topics covered in Plant biotechnology are:

  • Plant Biochemistry
  • Plant Biotechnology & Molecular Biology Biotechnology
  • Plant Physiology/Crop Physiology



SECTION 1
Basic Sciences & General Agriculture: Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; the role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics.

SECTION 2
Plant Biochemistry: Importance of biochemistry in agriculture. Acid-base concept and buffers; pH. Classification, structure and metabolic functions of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Structure and function of nucleic acids. Enzymes: structure, nomenclature, mechanism of action; vitamins and minerals as coenzymes and cofactors. Metabolic pathways: glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceride biosynthesis. Electron transport chain; ATP formation. Photosynthesis: C-3, C-4 and CAM pathways. Nitrate assimilation; biological nitrogen fixation. Colourimetric and chromatographic techniques.

SECTION 3
Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Biology/Biotechnology: Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms; differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasms and viruses. The physical and chemical basis of heredity; chromosome structure. DNA replication, transcription and translation; genetic code concept. Genetic engineering; restriction enzymes; vectors; gene cloning; gene transfer. Plant cell and tissue culture; micropropagation; somaclonal variation. Transformation; recombination; heterosis. General application of biotechnology. Molecular and immunological techniques. The concept of bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics.

SECTION 4
Plant Physiology/ Crop Physiology: Plant physiology- importance in agriculture. Seed germination, viability and vigour. Photosynthesis- the significance of C-3, C-4 and CAM pathway; photorespiration and its implications. Translocation of assimilates; dry matter partitioning; Harvest index of crops. Growth and development; growth analysis; crop-water relationship. Plant nutrients and their functions. Phytohormones and their physiological role. Photoperiodism, vernalisation; pollination/ fertilization in flowering plants. Post-harvest physiology and its significance.
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