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Fundamentals of Information Technology (Set-1)

Fundamentals of Information Technology

Q1: What is Computer and its functional components?

Q2: Define Types of Memory

Q3: Define types of printer and plotter

Q4: Define OMR, MICR, digital camera and Bar code Reader.

Q5: What is a Virtual Memory ? Explain its advantages and how it can be implemented.

Q6: Explain the file system used in UNIX. Also explain how do we mount the file system in UNIX O/S.

Q7: What is X-Windows system ? Explain the X-Windows library and X-Toolkit in detail.

Q8: Define Hardware and Software. What are the different types of hardware?

Q9: Define Open Source Software. Explain briefly the UNIX / LINUX operating System.

Q10: Explain the working of CD-ROM and DVD-ROM with the help of block diagram.

Q11: Define the basic characteristics of the following I/O devices:

   (a)  LCD Monitors
   (b) Laser Printer
   (c) Mouse
   (d) Scanne
   (e) Modems

Q12: What are the advantages of using SRAM ? Why do we use L1 and L2 cache memories ? How is a main memory address mapped to a cache address ?
Assume the main memory size of 1 K words,
1 cache block size = 32 bits,
number of cache slots = 16 and
cache mapping =  2 way set associative.

Q13: What is the difference between floating point and fixed point number formats ?

Q14: Write full forms of - EPROM, EBCDIC

Q15: Write the definition of Algorithm

Q16: What is Word Processor?

Q17: What is Booting ? State types of Booting

Q18: Draw a flowchart to find the largest of three numbers.

Q19: State any four features of a word processor.

Q20: Differentiate Impact Printer and Non-impact Printer.

Q21: What is Mail-merge ? Explain its features.

Q22: Which of the following statements are true or false. Rewrite the False statements with correct explanation.
(a) A computer is a motorized device that processes output into input.
(b) An output device is any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into
a computer.
(c) Three commonly used input devices are a printer, a monitor, and speakers.
(d) Computer literacy involves having a current knowledge and understanding of computers and
their uses.

Q23: What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages That Users Experience When Working with Computers?

Q24: What Are the Differences between System Software and Application Software?

Q25: What Are the Various Broadband Internet Connections?

Q26: What Is the User Interface of Application Software?

Q27: Write a short  note on fifth generation computers.

Q28: What arc thc Digital, Analog and Hybrid computers? Explain in brief.

Q29: Differentiate between the Parallel port and Serial port.

Q30: Explain in short
  a) Real-timc processing.
  b) Batch processing.

Q31: How are the Internet, Intranet and Extranet similar to and different from each other? Explain each with example.

Q32: Why 2 's complement is used in computers for representation of negative numbers?

Q33: What are the applications of Computers in Railways.

Q34: Explain multiprogramming and multiprocessing.