Tuesday, 21 September 2021

GRAPHENE A RAY OF HOPE (#chemistry)(#graphene)(nanoparticles)(#defence)(#ipumusings)

GRAPHENE A RAY OF HOPE 

Author: Akanksha Kashyap

GRAPHENE A RAY OF HOPE  (#chemistry)(#graphene)(nanoparticles)(#defence)(#ipumusings)

Abstract:

The word ‘graphene’ has significantly become synonymous to ‘miracle material’ as, in today’s advancing technology era this  carbon composite material can be used in any of the field whether it is medical , defence , commercial use or in aerospace field . It is a 2D one atom thick nano-material which has some very unique properties such as it has tremendous tensile strength i.e. 130 GPa and extraordinary specific penetration energy which is nearly 10 times higher than normal steel .Graphene as a carbon composite material is unique because of its  sp2 hybridization structure & it’s extremely thin atomic thickness which is 0.345 nm.These properties make it a  remarkably strong i.e. nearly 200 times stronger than steel as well as an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. The carbon-carbon bonds in graphene are so small in length and so strong that they prevent thermal fluctuations from destabilizing it. In addition to that, the material is extremely diverse and can be combined with other elements including gases and metals to produce different composite materials consisting range of superior properties. Graphene being a carbon composite material is also lightweight and stiff in nature thus making it a potential material to replace the aramid fibre based polymer composites used in armour systems in current scenario. The aim of this research is to study the behaviour of graphene under various extreme conditions so that it could potentially be used in the battle field as body armours or in our defence system .This study will discuss the potential of graphene based non-materials with regard to penetration energy, ballistic performance, flame resistance, electromagnetic interference shielding, electrostatic-charge dissipation, sensors, corrosion protection. The gestalt of defence applications of polymer/graphene based nano-material may offer future perspective to develop promising materials which will contribute in the growth of our country’s defence system.

Wednesday, 15 September 2021

WHAT ARE STEM CELLS AND THEIR USE IN STEM CELL THERAPY? (#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)(#genetics)(#biotechnology)

WHAT ARE STEM CELLS AND THEIR USE IN STEM CELL THERAPY?

Author: Preity Yadav

WHAT ARE STEM CELLS AND THEIR USE IN STEM CELL THERAPY? (#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)(#genetics)(#biotechnology)


Stem Cells (SC) are an integral part of tissues, organs and the entire body. 

They have the ability to evolve into many unrelated types of cells in the body, such as muscle cells, blood cells, and brain cells. SC divide to form more cells cited as daughter cells. Daughter cells can form new cells with self-renewal properties, or these daughter cells can become specialised cells with a specific function such as blood cells, heart muscle cells, brain cells or bone cells by undergoing differentiation. They can be regenerated over the life of the body and can repair damaged tissue after injury or illness. The embryo is the origin of all SC. Each of the embryonic stem cells (ESC) can produce a whole complete body.

Saturday, 11 September 2021

Precision Medicine: New Era of Health Care (#medicine)(#health)(#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)(#eduvictors)

Precision Medicine: 

New Era of Health Care

Author: Ridhi Bhat

Precision Medicine:   New Era of Health Care (#medicine)(#health)(#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)(#eduvictors)


Abstract:

Although the term precision medicine is relatively recent, this idea has played a big role in the field of health care for many years. For instance, the person who needs blood transfusion receives blood from a matched donor to reduce the risks of complications. At present, the field of precision medicine is still in its early stage. Researchers hope that this field will extend to various aspects of health care in the coming years. Here, we are going to discuss the topic of precision medicine and its impact on our lives. 

Tuesday, 7 September 2021

INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCES (#chemistry)(#ipumusings)(#archaeology)(#eduvictors)

INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Author: Anushka Singh

INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCES (#chemistry)(#ipumusings)(#archaeology)(#eduvictors)


Abstract: 

Archaeological sites are an amalgam of material evidence that has survived through time since the site was created, occupied and finally abandoned. The relics that are excavated need to be stabilised and examined to determine their archaeological significance. The entire process varies depending on the nature of the artefact. A significant factor is depositional as well as post-depositional geochemistry. It was not uncommon in antiquity for people to repair utilitarian objects as well as valued possessions. Now, this particular brings our attention to an important question-if they were attempts to restore antiquities or merely efforts to prolong its life. 

 

Sunday, 29 August 2021

NANOSENSORS - A Walkthrough (#biotechnology)(#nanotechnology)(#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)

NANOSENSORS

NANOSENSORS - A Walkthrough (#biotechnology)(#nanotechnology)(#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)


Author: Anushka Singh

Introduction

Nanotechnology deals with material/matter at the nano level and at least one dimension of the material in question should lie in the nano range. The direct consequence of miniature size is that the physical and chemical properties of the matter vary significantly from that of the bulk. Properties at the nanoscale differ because of two reasons as we go down in size- the surface-to-volume ratio increases which can make the material more reactive as well as affect their strength and electrical properties. The other reason is that at the nanoscale level quantum effects dominate the behaviour of matter, unlike bulk material where constant physical properties are observed. Nanoscale size effects result in changes in physical properties (melting point), mechanical properties(strength), Chemical properties(reactivity), optical properties as well as electrical properties.

Saturday, 28 August 2021

SOCIAL MEDIA CRIME AGAINST INDIAN WOMEN: HOW YOU SHOULD REPORT IT? (#VAWG)(#cyberviolence)(#cybercrime)(#ipumusings)(#eduvictors)

SOCIAL MEDIA CRIME AGAINST INDIAN WOMEN: HOW YOU SHOULD REPORT IT?

SOCIAL MEDIA CRIME AGAINST INDIAN WOMEN: HOW YOU SHOULD REPORT IT? (#VAWG)(#cyberviolence)(#cybercrime)(#ipumusings)(#eduvictors)


Author: DEVIKA SINGH


INTRODUCTION

‘Nothing is constant except change’- Heraclitus. Change is the inevitable reality of life; everything we could possibly just dream of years ago can be done now with much ease. One such example of the astonishing transformations is the innovation in the technological field. While years ago when people could only imagine if they could shop groceries without moving out in the hot and humid weather today’s technology not only allows ease in shopping but also in various other fields like education and job opportunities. The digital world has also gained immense prominence in the society especially amongst the youth. 

Saturday, 14 August 2021

AROMATICITY: WHAT DOES IT HIDE? (#organicchemistry)(#aromaticity)(#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)

AROMATICITY: WHAT DOES IT HIDE?

AROMATICITY: WHAT DOES IT HIDE? (#organicchemistry)(#aromaticity)(#biochemistry)(#ipumusings)


Author: Aakanksha Saxena


WHAT IS AROMATICITY?

For a long time, What we thought was that aromaticity was just a characteristic of a cyclic as well as a planar molecule wherein, a phenomenon called resonance is observed that leads to comparatively more stability of these compounds compared to other compounds existent, be it linear ones or any other form.

It is said that these sets of compounds are very much stable and do not break easily as their bonds are due to the resonance effect.

Monday, 2 August 2021

PROFILING CYBERCRIMINALS (#cyberlaws)(#cybercrime)(#legal)(#llb)(#ipumusings)

PROFILING CYBERCRIMINALS

PROFILING CYBERCRIMINALS (#cyberlaws)(#cybercrime)(#legal)(#llb)(#ipumusings)


Author: Devika Singh

INTRODUCTION

In the past few decades, our world has turned upside down because of the revolution in technology. With the increasing population, engagement in cyberspace has also observed significant changes. The digital world has become one of the greatest sensations of all time and is still evolving at a rapid pace. Internet acts as a multidisciplinary tool that curbs all the geographical and communication limits. The development in the digital platform brings forth an array of new obstacles to the collective safety of the individuals at large and to a country’s economic prosperity. Although cyberspace offers great opportunities and benefits it also manifests our vulnerabilities. The rampant use of the platform has started raising security concerns as activities like data breaches, identity theft; digital robberies are increasing day by day. In 2017, India witnessed a significant jump in the number of cybercrimes where the consumers lost over 1 billion U.S. dollars as per the official records and by the year 2020, India was ranked the second most attacked country in terms of cybercrimes in Asia. 

Friday, 30 July 2021

Process Safety Management - A Proactive Approach (#safety)(#chemicalengineering)(#ipumusings)

Process Safety Management: A Proactive Approach

Process Safety Management - A Proactive Approach (#safety)(#chemicalengineering)(#ipumusings)


Author: Shashank Bajpai

ABSTRACT

1984 Bhopal tragedy, is still not fully evaporated from our minds. Over 3000 immediate deaths marked endless grief in the history of Bhopal and India. Insufficient maintenance, non-existence of catastrophe management plans, inadequate safety systems-emergency action plans and lack of skilled operators robustly indicated the failure of reactive approach to safety systems. Ultimately, demanding to shift from reactive to Proactive approach for management of process safety. In this article, we are going to look at the different aspects of process safety management keeping a proactive viewpoint.

“Accidents don’t happen they are caused”

Tuesday, 27 July 2021

Digital Robberies - How Vulnerable ATMs Are? (#cyberlaws)(#llb)(#ipumusings)(#cybercrimes)

DIGITAL ROBBERIES -  HOW VULNERABLE ATMS ARE?

Digital Robberies - How Vulnerable ATMs Are? (#cyberlaws)(#llb)(#ipumusings)(#cybercrimes)


Author: Devika Singh

INTRODUCTION

With the rapid innovation in the technological field, there has been a drastic change in our lives in the past few decades. The digital platform has grown wider and quicker than anyone could have ever imagined. Today almost every physical work has been substituted by its digital counterpart and thus, a considerable portion of our routine involves interaction with the digital platform. As it is rightly said, “take the bitter with the sweet’ even though the digital platform grants us ample opportunities and assistance, however, its detrimental actions that follow the ever-evolving cyberspace can’t be ignored. The escalating rates of cybercrimes indicate that cyberspace has become a breeding place for cyber-attacks where the innocent person has been put to the threat.