Thursday, 14 January 2021

BIOREMEDIATION - A WALK THROUGH (#biotechnology)(#biochemistry)(#environmentalscience)(#ipumusings)

 BIOREMEDIATION - A WALK THROUGH

Author: PALAK JAIN

BIOREMEDIATION - A WALK THROUGH (#biotechnology)(#biochemistry)(#environmentalscience)(#ipumusings)


Bioremediation is a term made by combining two words, i.e., biology which means natural science that scrutinizes living organisms and remediation which means the action of healing something, specifically, preventing environmental destruction. It is any process that purifies an environment which is deteriorated by contaminants with the use of microorganisms. The method has been used for numerous goals over time. One of the significant uses was the desalination of agricultural fields.


George M. Robinson is recognized with being the first human being to apply bioremediation to resolve a major environmental dilemma. In the late 1960s, Robinson examined various cultures of microorganisms in his garage with the help of an engineer who was specialized in the petroleum industry. In 1968, he triumphantly used his microbial mixture over a commercial oil spill and made the very first use of bioremediation.

Monday, 11 January 2021

Social Security Measures and Benefits available to industry workers in India. (#MBANotes)(#HRMNotes)(#LLBNotes)(#ipumusings)

Social Security Measures and Benefits available to industry workers in India.


GGSIPU MBA - MAY-JUNE 2011, 2014, LLB 

Social Security Measures and Benefits available to industry workers in India. (#MBANotes)(#HRMNotes)(#LLBNotes)(#ipumusings)



Following benefits and social security measures are available to industry workers:

1. Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923

2. Employees State Insurance Act 1946

3. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 (Ammendment 2017)

4.  Coalmines Provident. Fund and Bonus Act 1948

5. Employees Provident Fund Act 1952

6. Family Pension Scheme 1971 (revised 1995)

7. Payment of Gratuity Act 1972

8. Old Age Pension Schemes 

9. Compulsory Group Insurance

10. Deposit-linked Insurance Scheme 1976

11. Social Security Schemes,  Certificates and Funding


1. Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923

Saturday, 9 January 2021

Structured Programming vs Object-Oriented Programming (#oops)(BCASem3)(#ggsipu)(#ipumusings)

Structured Programming vs Object-Oriented Programming

Structured Programming vs Object-Oriented Programming (#oops)(BCASem3)(#ggsipu)(#ipumusings)


Structured programming allows developing a program using a set of modules or functions. It is a programming approach in which the program is made as a single structure i.e. instructions are executed in a serial and structured manner. 

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is the term used to describe a programming approach based on objects and classes. The object-oriented paradigm allows us to organize software as a collection of objects that consist of both data and behaviour. 

Tuesday, 5 January 2021

GGSIP University BTech 8th Semester - Project Writing- End Term Paper (May-June 2016)(#ipumusings)(#ggsipu)(#BtechQuestionPapers)

GGSIP University BTech 8th Semester - Project Writing- End Term Paper (May-June 2016)

GGSIP University BTech 8th Semester - Project Writing- End Term Paper (May-June 2016)(#ipumusings)(#ggsipu)(#BtechQuestionPapers)



The main of the subject is to introduce the students about writing projects specially technical writing. The subject is divided into four main topics:

Unit-I Writing Skills: Descriptive, Narrative, Argumentive and Discursive, Reflective and LiteraryEvaluative Writing. Technical Writing: Definition, Purpose and Characteristics of Technical Writing.

Unit-II The Technical Writing Process: Prewriting Stage, The Writing Stage and the Postwriting stage.

Technical Writing Skills: Researching, Summarizing and Outlining, Visual Aids, Definition, Description, Set of Instructions.

Unit-III Formal Formatting: Arrangement of Formal Elements, Front Material, Format Devices in the Body of Formal Report-Heading, Pagination, End Material—Citations, References and Bibliography, Appendix.

Unit-IV Technical Writing Applications: Memorandums and Informal Format, Formal Format, Recommendations and Feasibility Reports, Proposals, Progress Reports, Analysis Reports Professional Communication, Letters and Job Applications. Presentation and Meetings.

Textbooks:

1. Buy Sides, Charles H., “How to Write and Present Technical Information”, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,

Here is the End Term Paper:

Saturday, 2 January 2021

HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS - A WALKTHROUGH (#ipumusings)(#catalysis)(#chemistry)

HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS - A WALKTHROUGH 

HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS - A WALK THROUGH (#ipumusings)(#catalysis)(#chemistry)


Introduction

Adding a metal during a reaction and getting extraordinary results made Joseph and Martinus analyze it. They were unaware of the actual reason behind it and thought they are only providing the energy to the reactants. In 1813, Thenard during ammonia preparation for the first time reported on heterogeneous catalysis and the use of solid metals as catalysts.

Many solid compounds and metals show catalytic properties because of their physical and chemical structure. The Catalysis of the reaction using solid catalysts where the reactants and products are in different phases is heterogeneous catalysis. The reactants are usually gaseous or solvent molecules. The differences in the phase make the intermediate easier to detach from the catalyst surface and hence increasing the efficiency of the catalyst.

Wednesday, 30 December 2020

VYING WASTE WITH BIOTECHNOLOGY - How Biotechnology can win War against Waste Disposal? (#biotechnology)(#environment)(#ipumusings)(#waste)

VYING WASTE WITH BIOTECHNOLOGY
How Biotechnology can win War against Waste Disposal?

VYING WASTE WITH BIOTECHNOLOGY - How Biotechnology can win War against Waste Disposal? (#biotechnology)(#environment)(#ipumusings)(#waste)


Author: PALAK JAIN

Abstract

As we move to the 21st century the environment suffers endless contamination of resources. It is because of the social and economical activities performed by human beings. The waste produced is undesirable to such an extent that if not oversaw properly, it can influence one's health, diminish the ozone layer, degrade the healthy atmosphere, lessen the industrial practices, and hence can make earth unsuitable for survival. [1]

According to the latest World Bank Report, without strict actions, global waste will grow by 70% on prevailing levels by 2050. Also in 2016, the world produced 242 million tonnes of plastic waste, or in other words 12% of all solid waste. [2]

Talking of India, the country generates more than 1.50 lakh metric tonne of solid waste each day. Of the total collected waste, only 20% is processed and the rest 80% is dumped at landfill sites completely exposed and untreated. Urban India produces 62 million tonnes of waste (MSW) yearly, and it has been speculated that this will strike 165 million tonnes in 2030. [3] [4]

Friday, 25 December 2020

LEGAL MAXIMS Used in Indian Courts (Part 1) #ipumusings #legalmaxims #bballb

LEGAL MAXIMS Used in Indian Courts
(Part 1)

LEGAL MAXIMS Used in Indian Courts (Part 1) #ipumusings #legalmaxims #bballb


What are Legal maxims?

Most of the legal maxims are Latin phrases that represents a legal definition in concise form. Legal maxims are established principles of law that are universally admitted, and people in the legal field are very well aware of these words. 

If you have watched 'Suits' TV series, you might have seen, often legal maxims are mentioned in dialogues. Let us see a few famous ones here:


1. sub judice

"The case is now sub judice. I cannnot give my comments now", says the tainted minister. 

In law, sub judice, Latin for "under a judge", means that a particular case or matter is under trial or being considered by a judge or court. The sub judice rule is an extension of the common law rule that the proper administration of justice may not be prejudiced or interfered with.

Monday, 21 December 2020

Classification of Biopolymers - What you should know! (#biochemistry)(#biotechnology)(#ipumusings)(#biopolymers)

Classification of Biopolymers -
What you should know!

Classification of Biopolymers - What you should know!  (#biochemistry)(#biotechnology)(#ipumusings)(#biopolymers)

Biopolymers are grouped into various ways dependent on various scales. Biopolymers can be seprated into two general gatherings, to be specific biodegradable and non-biodegradable, and then again, into bio-based and non-bio-based biopolymers.

Based on their polymer spine, biopolymers can be arranged generally into the following groups: polyesters, polysaccharides, polycarbonates, polyamides, and vinyl polymers. These gatherings are again arranged into a few subgroups dependent on their cause.

Wednesday, 16 December 2020

GGSIP University BTech Computer Science 8th Semester - Machine Learning- End Term Paper (Dec 2020) #ipumusings #machinelearning #ggsipu #cseQpapers

GGSIP University BTech Computer Science 8th Semester - Machine Learning- End Term Paper (Dec 2020)

GGSIP University BTech Computer Science 8th Semester - Machine Learning- End Term Paper (Dec 2020) #ipumusings #machinelearning #ggsipu #cseQpapers


The main of the subject is to introduce the students about the knowledge of basic concepts of machine learning systems, types of learning etc.

The subject is divided into four main topics:

Unit I: Basic concepts, Types of Learning, Classification Families

Unit II: Machine Learning algorithms like Logistic regression, Perceptron, Exponential family etc. Evaluating and debugging learning algorithms, Classification errors.

Unit III: Unsupervised learning e.g. Clustering, K-means, Markov models etc.

Unit IV: Reinforcement Learning and Control: MDPs. Bellman equation etc.

Textbooks:

1. Buy Tom M Mitchell, Machine Learning, McGraw Hill Education  

2. Buy Bishop, C. - Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning. Berlin: Springer-Verlag (Best Seller)

Here is the Machine Learning End Term Paper (December 2020):

Monday, 14 December 2020

An Introduction To Liver Tissue Engineering(#biochemistry)(#tissueengineering)(#biology)(#ipumusings)#biotechnology

AN INTRODUCTION TO LIVER TISSUE ENGINEERING

An Introduction To Liver Tissue Engineering(#biochemistry)(#tissueengineering)(#biology)(#ipumusings)#biotechnology


Author: Mridula Vats

ABSTRACT

The liver has an essential role in the health and lifespan of humans due to its metabolic functions like protein production, bile production, and drug detoxification. Million people are currently suffering from chronic liver diseases like chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma. Due to the limited availability of donors, only a few individuals could receive them.

Therefore, we need to bring forward the tissue engineering approaches aiming to fabricate 3D hepatic tissue in microscale size or whole bioengineered liver synthesis to restore damaged liver function due to a massive injury and resolve the donor shortage problem.