Enzyme Catalysis -A Brief Introduction
Author: Mankaran SinghIntroduction
Many biological processes have a slow rate of reaction or might be going through a longer path in which they might consume more energy. So we have special biocatalysts, called enzymes. Enzymes are biomolecules of protein with high relative molecular mass generally derived from living organisms with their catalytic properties; they take these slow reaction processing in a way that the rate of the reaction alters as per the need of the process by lowering the activation energy. They ensure that the reaction processing is done in a compatible manner with life. The substrate or the reactants get bound to the enzyme's special sites and process them to new products by breaking the bonds between them. For example, yeast produces enzyme zymase which converts glucose to ethanol and releases carbon dioxide and energy as byproducts.